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  Web Development Glossary
ActionScript
Specifically for website animation, ActionScript is an object-oriented programming language similar to JavaScript and Macromedia's script language for Flash. You can create features like games to respond to your website visitors' input.

ASP: Active Server Pages
ASP is a server-side scripting environment. It was introduced by Microsoft in 1996 and is comprised of built-in objects, server-side scripts, ADO capability (access to databases), and ActiveX components which allow web developers to build dynamic websites. ASP's default language is VBScript; however, PERL and JScript can also be used.

ASP.NET
ASP.NET (sometimes referred to as ASP+) is the latest version of Microsoft's Active Server Pages technology (ASP). ASP.NET is different than its predecessor in two major ways: it supports code written in compiled languages such as Visual Basic, C++, C#, and Perl, and it features server controls that can separate the code from the content, allowing WYSIWYG editing of pages. Although ASP.NET is not backwards compatible with ASP, it is able to run side by side with ASP applications. ASP+ files can be recognized by their .aspx extension.

CGI: Common Gateway Interface
CGI is a standard for external gateway programs to interface with information servers such as HTTP servers.

ColdFusion
ColdFusion is a programming language based on standard HTML that is used to write dynamic webpages. ColdFusion enables you to incorporate live data into dynamically created web pages. For example, with ColdFusion your online store can actually deal with real-time inventory levels, enabling you to notify your customers of any out of stock items. ColdFusion Web applications can contain XML, HTML, and other client technologies such as CSS and JavaScript.

CSS: Cascading Style Sheets
Embedded in an HTML document, style sheets describe how documents should look on screen and in print. By including a single Cascading Style Sheet every page on your website can inherit the styles described therein.

DHTML: Dynamic Hypertext Markup Language
Dynamic HTML is simply HTML that can change even after a page has been loaded into a browser. DHTML, is not a language in and of itself, but refers to the combination of HTML and client-side scripting languages which make web pages dynamic (as opposed to static). Client-side scripting languages include Javascript, VBScript, and can also refer to CSS, layering, etc.

FTP: File Transfer Protocol
Agreed upon format that allows you to copy or send files between 2 devices e.g. transferring your website from your computer to its web space.

HTML: Hypertext Markup Language
HTML is a language to specify the structure of documents for retrieval across the internet using browser programs.

IIS: Internet Information Server
Web server developed by Microsoft that runs on Windows NT/ Windows 2000 platforms. The main services of IIS are WWW, FTP, SMTP and NNTP.

Java
Formerly known as oak, Java is an object-oriented programming language developed by Sun. Java programs are often referred to as "applets." In the Java network programming model, small programs can be embedded in WWW documents as a kind of "executable content."

JavaScript
Developed by Netscape and Sun Microsystems, JavaScript is a platform-independent, event-driven, interpreted programming language. Originally called LiveScript, JavaScript is affiliated with Sun's object-oriented programming language JavaTM primarily as a marketing convenience. They interoperate well but are technically, functionally and behaviorally very different. JavaScript is useful for bringing interactivity to the World Wide Web because scripts can be embedded in HTML files.

JSP: JavaServer Pages
JSP is a Sun Microsystems specification for combining Java with HTML to provide dynamic content for Web pages.

MySQL
MySQL is an Open Source SQL database management system provided by MySQL AB.

NNTP: Network News Transport Protocol Service

Perl: Practical Extraction and Report Language
Created, written, developed, and maintained by Larry Wall, Perl is an interpreted language optimised for scanning arbitrary text files, extracting information from those text files, and printing reports based on that information. CGI (Common Gateway Interface) allows the web server to run other programs.

PHP: PHP Hypertext Preprocessor
PHP is a server-side, cross-platform scripting language that is used for Web development and can be embedded into HTML. In other words, you can program in PHP within a web page, and when the web page is called up by a visitor to your website, the web server will run the PHP and pass the result to the visitor.

PostgreSQL
PostgreSQL is an object-relational database management system that allows you to store and retrieve data according to various parameters given in a query.

SGML: Standard Generalized Markup Language
SGML is not a language, but rather a series of commands that are all understood by another program. SGML is what is known as a "meta-language;" it allows a programmer to write a DTD that numerous pages can follow.

SHTML: Server parsed HTML
SHTML is really an extention used by Web servers to define a document that has Server Side Includes (SSI). SSI is usefull for creating areas of a web page that can be derived from normal non HTML text documents that can be changed and maintained by anyone with a word processor.

SMTP: Simple Mail Transfer Protocol Service

SQL: Structured Query Language
SQL is a language designed for interacting with relational databases. It does this by allowing users to describe the data they wish to see.

VBScript: Visual Basic Script
A scripting language designed to enhance HTML pages and provide functionality such as data validation, forms and interaction with Active X objects. It is a subset of Visual Basic, and embedded into an HTML document and interpreted by the client browser.

VRML: Virtual Reality Modelling Language
In the words of the VRML Consortium, it is "an open standard for 3D multimedia and shared virtual worlds on the internet." In other words, it's a method of building a 3-dimensional digital object which can be displayed and manipulated in a web browser.

WML: Wireless Markup Language
A cousin to HTML, WML is designed to serve content to wireless handheld devices such as cellular phones, pocket PC's, and other devices.

WWW: World Wide Web Service

XML: EXtensible Markup Language
XML is a way of representing text and data in a format that can be processed without much human or machine intelligence. Information formated in XML can be exchanged across platforms, languages, and applications, and can be used with a wide range of development tools and utilities. XML is a complement to HTML.



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